International Organisations – Memberships and cooperations concerning MÁV Co.
MÁV Co. is member of numerous international organisations, and its representatives take part in the activities of permanent and temporary forums.
With Hungary being an EU member, new cooperation principals of the EU regulations concerning the railway are highlighted (liberalisation, interoperability) and both the individual and the collective lobby activity of railway companies towards community institutions are strengthened. All this gives new priorities to the activities carried out in the international organisations too.
Railway organisations having an accentuated significance, of which MÁV Co. is a member:
CER (Community of European Railway and Infrastructure Companies)
Its primary task is the representation of the interest of the member railway companies vis-à-vis the EU institutions and proactive participation in the process of European legislation as a lobby organisation. At present, its 66 members are railway companies and infrastructure companies. The organisation has a significant importance in the dialogue with the European institutions (European Parliament, Commission and Council) as for the harmonisation of the interests of the member railway companies and the representation thereof.
Its primary purpose is the formation of a harmonised division of labour amongst the transportation modes and directing the traffic to rail. Its activity spreads over all fields that are significant for the railway companies, for example development of infrastructure, passenger and freight transportation issues, public services, environmental protection, research and social dialogue.
Since 1999, MÁV Co. had taken part in the work of the organisation as an observer, and since 2003, it has been a full member thereof. Since the lobby activity of the organisation has a significant importance in the representation of the interest of the railway companies vis-à-vis the EU institutions, the membership of our company in this organisation is justified, especially as for the representation of interests in the process of legislation making.
CIT (International Rail Transport Committee, Bern)
Its accentuated task is putting the Convention concerning International Carriage by Rail into practice, and the continual supervision thereof. In the framework of this, the unification of contractual relationships between the customer and the railway company, between the railway companies, between the railway company and the infrastructure manager, as well as the representation of the interest of the members vis-à-vis the legislators and the authorities have a separate significance. At present there are 120 members of CIT, which perform passenger and/or freight transportation.
Its help and support provided for the practical work of railway companies is indispensable for MÁV Co.
EUROFIMA (European Company for the Financing of Railroad Rolling Stock, Bern)
The organisation was established by the founding states in 1956 for 50 years by a treaty, which subsequently was extended until 2056. Its shareholders are the railway companies of the European Member States, which have joined the convention. MÁV Co. joined Eurofima in 1992.
The Government of the Hungarian Republic undertake to guarantee for those obligations that MÁV Co. contractually set with the organization. Eurofima finances the procurement and modernization of railway vehicles: it provides the necessary capital, or it buys the rolling stock itself. It creates the financing tools by means of open market and private loans, as well as credits. The owner of the company has a right of pledge on the financed vehicle until the complete repayment of the loan.
Due to the extraordinary need of MÁV Co. for the procurement and modernization of vehicles, the participation thereof in the organisation is justified.
OSJD (Organisation for Cooperation of Railways, Warsaw)
The inter-governmental organisation (since 1956) has 25 full members (Hungary is a founding member). Its most important task is the development of the railway link between Europe and Asia, with special attention to transport law questions.
Since the new basic documents of the organisation came into effect (in 1993), the members of the OSJD, besides the ministries of transportation of the states, can be the central transportation bodies of the states or the central bodies of railways.
Its governing body is the Ministerial Conference, which makes decisions about the admission of new members, the amendment and supplementation of the Statutes of the organisation as well as the budget. The Conference of General Managers governs the cooperation on the level of the railway companies. In those countries where several boards of directors exist, the OSJD member of the given country decides who takes part in the work. In 1993, the minister of transportation of Hungary handed over the membership with an authorisation as well as the rights and obligations thereof to MÁV Co., with reservations concerning the possibility of temporal or final withdrawal.
UIC (International Union of Railways, Paris)
The organisation was established in 1992 by the European railway companies with the purpose of ensuring technical and operational conditions of interoperable railway transportation. At present, 171 members take part in the work of the world organisation (MÁV is a founding member).
Its accentuated task is the worldwide support of railway transportation in order to meet the challenges of sustainable growth. It supports the work of railway organisations (CER, EIM) as a technical platform.
The participation of MÁV Co. in the International Union of Railways is justified by its role played in the provision of the technical and operational conditions of interoperable railway transportation.
Further international organisations dealing with questions concerning the railway:
- CEMT (European Conference of Ministers of Transport) - http://www.oecd.org/cemt
- DG TREN (European Commission, Directorate General Energy & Transport) - http://ec.europa.eu/transport/rail/index_en.html
- EIM (European Rail Infrastructure Managers) - http://www.eimrail.org
- United Nations Economic Commission for Europe Transport –http://www.unece.org/trans
- United Nations Trans-European Railway Project - http://www.unece.org/trans
- ERRAC (European Rail Research Advisory Council) – http://www.errac.org
- FTE (Forum Train Europe) – http://www.forumtraineurope.org
- OTIF (Organisation Intergouvernementale pour les Transports Internationaux Ferroviaires) – http://www.otif.org
- RNE (RailNetEurope) – http://www.railneteurope.com
- International Coordinating Council on Transsiberian Transportation –http://www.cctst.msk.ru
- UITP (International Association of Public Tranport) – http://www.uitp.org